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|The increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, as well as that of other greenhouse gases, aggravates the natural greenhouse effect of the earth. This may result in an increase in the atmospheric temperature, which will most probably have serious impacts on our earthâ€™s ecosystem. It is essential to tap the full potential of all measures to reduce the negative impacts to an absolute minimum.
In contrast to the emission of other pollutants like sulphur dioxide or nitrogen oxide, which can be lowered thanks to air pollutant control equipments or catalytic converters, we have no technical means to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This means that the only possibility of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, apart from the development and protection of carbon sinks (e.g. forests), is the rational and efficient use of energy on all levels of the energy supply and application.
Against this background, the city of Stuttgart, represented by the Office for Environmental Protection, charged three companies in November 1995 to work out a local climate protection programme (KLIKS) for traffic in Stuttgart. These companies were ENERKO GmbH (Ltd.) in Aldenhoven, Heusch & Boesefeldt GmbH (Ltd.) in Aachen and Steierwald SchÃ¶nharting & Partner GmbH (Ltd.) in Stuttgart. What is special with Stuttgartâ€™s Climate Protection Programme is that the traffic sector and the traditional energy sector are treated equally.
On the basis of the existing local data (e.g. energy atlas, energy reports, traffic figures, emission inventory, Clean Air Plan Stuttgart, etc.), the first steps were: to work out the total energy balance of Stuttgartâ€™s urban area between 1990 and today, a balance of the sources of Stuttgartâ€™s carbon dioxide emissions (with carbon dioxide as the main indicator for climate-damaging trace gases) and the general tendency of the energy and emission development until 2005 and 2010.
The second step was to develop strategies to protect the environment in the form of two scenarios (the first scenario with optimum targets, the second as a realistic and practical scheme) including concrete and Stuttgart specific measures to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. These measures were valued on account of the reduction potential, the technical, economic and legal feasibility as well as the profitability and planning interval for their application. The programme was completed in the autumn of 1997.
On the basis of this programme, Stuttgartâ€™s administration section has established a binding action programme, which is not only thought to address to the administration section itself. It is rather addressed to all companies, drivers, homeowners and many others, who are invited to apply the depicted measures wherever they can. Only the common effort of city, local industries and all inhabitants can make the reduction of Stuttgartâ€™s carbon dioxide emissions possible.
Climate protection concerns all of us!
|© City of Stuttgart, Office for Environmental Protection, Section of Urban Climatology|